Lawyers also referred to as attorneys are people who have specialized in practicing law either as attorney at law, solicitor advocate, barrister, counsel, bar at law, barrister at law as well as counsellor but cannot practice as paralegal or executive secretary of the charter. When practicing law, the lawyer is require to be conversant with legal theories and knowledge which they apply in problem solving as well as advancing interests of their clients in legal services. The major responsibilities of lawyers include arguing in court of law orally on behalf of their clients, doing research and making drafts papers used in a court to argue a case, and counselling their clients and giving them legal advice on issues. Other roles include protecting property that is intellectual such as trademarks, patent and designs, drafting contracts as well as drafting trusts, wills and other documents that ensure disposition of a property after a person’s death.
Lawyers also have specialization where a lawyers opt to only work on a given line of issues to serve their clients such as divorce lawyers, civil lawyers, criminal lawyers, personal injury lawyers among others. Criminal lawyers are one line of specialization which involves a lawyer in defending companies and individuals who have been charged with criminal activities in a court of law. Since criminal lawyers need to capture all the details regarding the criminal case and advise the client accordingly, there is need to remain in constant communication which should be confidential. It is common to have conflict of interest between the client and the lawyer when lawyers may be representing two opposing clients in a criminal case in a court of law which should be avoided at all times.
It is important for criminal lawyers to maintain their code of ethics and professionalism by ensuring that they maintain privacy as well as accord privilege to the clients. This privilege is exempted where the clients may use the advice offered to commit more crimes, doing body harm and injury to themselves as well as committing suicide. Criminal lawyers should be devoted, enthusiastic and having interest when looking for suitable information to ensure that the defence they present in a court of law is viable. Since facts are viable in a defence in a court of law, the criminal lawyer should look for all sources of these facts that relate to the case such as reviewing the reports from the police, interviewing the witnesses, among others. Criminal lawyers are required to be honest at all times either with the clients or in a court of law during the defence. When a company or individual has been charged in a court of law with criminal charges, it is important to seek that services of a criminal lawyer as soon as possible. The criminal lawyer is also able to ensure that the case can proceed when they have been served with a bail.